The Purpose And Role Of Government
The Preamble—or “Enacting Clause”—of the Constitution is more than just a pitcher’s long wind-up before delivering the pitch to home plate. It is the provision that declares the enactment of “this Constitution” by “We the People of the United States.” That declaration has important consequences for constitutional interpretation. While the Preamble does not itself confer powers and rights, it has significant implications both for how the Constitution is to be interpreted and applied and who has the power of constitutional interpretation—the two biggest overall questions of Constitutional Law. David Hume, who wrote in the 1700s, relied on the concept of a “public good” to explain the purpose of government.
So, there’s one way to create a public good—through mandatory taxes. This dilemma can be answered by looking at some public goods that already exist. For example, in the case of the public good of an interstate highway system, most of the money comes from state and federal taxes on gasoline. This dilemma forms the basis of collective action theory, a powerful tool that can explain much of what goes on in politics and government today. Throughout history, scholars and philosophers have developed different reasons regarding the importance of governments. It is the politicians who want their opponents on the record so they can use this issue to raise money, but it is a con.
The fact that this has not occurred — or at least not yet — is the result of government’s continuing ability to intervene, moderating the disruptive impacts of the ever-changing market economy. Most ideologies want a government that leaves individuals free to do anything they want, so long as they do not infringe upon the equal rights of others. They just have widely different views on what exactly those rights actually are.
Rarely has a Supreme Court decision relied on it, even as a guide in interpreting the Constitution. Importantly, the Preamble declares who is enacting this Constitution—the people of “the United States.” The document is the collective enactment of all U.S. citizens. The Constitution is “owned” by the people, not by the government or any branch thereof. Constitution and remain ultimately responsible for its continued existence and its faithful interpretation. Federal judges offer insights into the separation of powers among the branches, and explain how healthy tensions among the three branches produce outcomes that impact everyday life in America. Locke argued all humans have a natural right to “life, liberty, and property”, with the ability to own property an essential part of being human and having liberties.
The Constitution establishes a federal democratic republic form of government. It is representative because people choose elected officials by free and secret ballot. It is a republic because the Government derives its power from the people. No one can doubt, that this does not enlarge the powers of congress to pass any measures, which they may deem useful for the common defence.